<subject>Breaking the Mormon Handcart Myth</subject>


Unholy Handcart Hooey: Following the Mormon Cult's Twisted Trail of Betrayal


Apr 15, 2007


steve benson

In a previous thread, convincing evidence has been presented to effectively explode the "handcart myth."

Since we all just love being the skunk at the Mormon propaganda party, let us continue pushing and pulling deceived Latter-day Quaints, kicking and screaming, into a reality check as to what their self-proclaimed "handcart miracle" was really all about.

As Far as Pushing Its "Glorious" Handcart Myth, the Mormon Church Can Shove It

In the four years between 1856 and 1860, Brigham Young pushed an experimental scheme using human guinea pigs in a relentless effort to funnel thousands of new Church members to Salt Lake City, designed to people Young's vision of a theocratic kingdom over which he would ruthlessly rule.

Mormonism's marionette-like "historians” in the employ of LDS Inc. have (as they so often do) gone to great lengths in their propagandistic zeal to spin the Great Handcart Debacle as a well-intended and, ultimately, glorious undertaking. It was, indeed--at least for the undertakers.

Below are some of the faith-promoting, fact-ignoring rewrites designed to deceive the mindlessly-believing Mormon flock, as well as the unsuspecting public at large.

A "Most Remarkable" Endeavor

Moroni's pushers of the LDS pioneer charade parade have an unabashedly bad habit of engaging in undeserved horn blowing, as demonstrated by William G. Hartley's off-key performance for the "Utah History Encyclopedia":

"By the mid-1850s LDS Church leaders needed less expensive ways to move poor immigrants to Utah. The Perpetual Emigrating Fund that loaned to the needy was depleted, and costs for wagons and ox-teams were high. Therefore, Brigham Young announced on 29 October 1855 a handcart system by which the Church would provide carts to be pulled by hand across the Mormon Trail. As a result, between 1856 and 1860 nearly 3,000 Latter-day Saint emigrants joined ten handcart companies--about 650 handcarts total--and walked to Utah from Iowa City, Iowa, (a distance of 1,300 miles) or from Florence, Nebraska (1,030 miles).

"This was, according to historian LeRoy Hafen, ‘the most remarkable travel experiment in the history of Western America.'"


Despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary, this murderous, on-the-cheap trek ordered by the Mormon tyrant, Brigham Young, has been divinely dubbed by some as not only a "remarkable travel experiment" but as a downright "exalting experience."

A Story of Amazing "Spiritual Stamina"

Continues Hartley:

"Handcarts, assembled at outfitting points in Iowa City, and then Florence after 1857, resembled carts pulled by porters in large cities. The carts had hickory or oak wagon beds and hickory shafts, side pieces, and axles. Wheels were as far apart as normal wagon wheels. Each cart carried 400 to 500 pounds of foodstuffs, bedding, clothing, and cooking utensils, and needed two able-bodied people to pull it. Five people were assigned to each cart. Adults could take only seventeen pounds of baggage, children ten pounds. Families with small children traveled in covered or family carts which had stronger axles made of iron.

"Handcart company captains were men with leadership and trail experience. Each company included a few ox-drawn commissary and baggage wagons, at least one per twenty carts. Wagons or carts carried large public tents, one for every twenty people. A 'Captain of Hundred' had charge of five tent groups. Five companies in 1856 and two in 1857 outfitted in Iowa City and needed a month to move 275 miles on existing roads over rolling prairie to Florence, averaging eight to nine miles per day. Passing through partly settled areas, they obtained some supplies along the way. After resting at Florence, these seven companies followed the Mormon Trail to Salt Lake City; on this stretch the first three companies spent an average of 65 days, covering 15.7 miles per day. Later companies leaving Florence needed an average of 84 days. By comparison, LDS wagon trains from Florence in 1861 needed 73 days to make the journey. . . .

"Pulling carts was hard, tiring work. Handcart pioneers were exposed to rain, wind, dust, and insects. Food was tightly rationed. Most made the trek safely; but the 1856 Martin and Willie companies met disaster. They left Iowa City late, in part because more people came than expected, causing delays to assemble more handcarts and tents. The two companies crossed Iowa in normal time, but repairs at Florence slowed them. Then, on the Mormon Trail, extra flour added to the carts slowed and damaged them. Expected flour at Fort Laramie never came. Short rations and lack of warm clothes drained the travelers' energy. Severe snowstorms caught them, dropping snows up to eighteen inches deep and temperatures below freezing. Food ran out; cattle died; rescue trains from Utah had difficulty reaching the exposed and hungry sufferers. Despite heroic efforts by company members and Utah rescuers, about 200, or one-sixth of the companies, died, and dozens were maimed by frostbite and deprivation. This tragedy was the worst disaster in the history of western overland travel. Rescue wagons carried survivors to Utah over roads kept open by teamsters driving wagons back and forth to pack the snow.

"Despite the tragedy, the Mormon Church did not give up on the plan. It sent a missionary company east with handcarts early in 1857, and it had sponsored five more westbound handcart companies by 1860. Overall, the ten companies proved that handcart groups not traveling late in the season were effective, efficient means of moving large numbers of people west at low cost. Low costs enabled hundreds in Britain, mostly factory and agricultural workers who otherwise might not have come, to decide to emigrate to America.

"The handcart trek was an exalting ordeal for body and spirit and required spiritual stamina to complete. Sculptor Torlief Knaphus' statue of handcart pioneers has become one of Mormonism's best known symbols, representing the thousands of devout Saints who by cart or wagon 'gathered to Zion' in Utah."


Other LDS spinmeisters have sought to portray the use of handcarts by the Mormon pioneers as a necessity born of poverty, not a cheap conveyance encouraged by Brigham Young at the expense of his human beasts of burden.

Carts Heroically Pulled by the "Persecuted," but Patriotic, Faithful

LDS fictionalizing filmmakers have painted a typically misleading matinee mirage of the Mormon handcart disaster:

"In the 1850s, the Mormons were being persecuted in their own country. To escape further difficulties, their leader, Brigham Young, led them on an arduous journey to Utah. Because they did not have enough money for wagons, many made their own handcarts and loaded them up with their families and belongings. These they pulled behind themselves on a thousand-mile trek on foot.

"In 1997, a group of Mormons re-created this excursion to commemorate the efforts of their ancestors. Among them on the three-month trek was a filmmaker named Kels Goodman.

"My job was to follow them with a camera. I had a motor home, so I cheated," Goodman said from his home in Orem, Utah." [Now, there's an understatment. History ended up being cheated, too].

"The experience gave Goodman an idea for his first feature film. He decided to make a fictional accounting of the most disastrous of these journeys. In 1856, some 500 believers set out from Iowa City, Iowa, in a group that was known as the Martin Handcart Company.

"No one knows why they started their journey so late in the year--August, instead of April or May. They were trapped in a fierce winter storm that hit Wyoming in October. This combination of bad timing and unlucky breaks led to a tragedy. One-third of the travelers died before Young learned about their situation and sent out rescuers to save the rest.

"'The Mormons were pretty much kicked out of the United States,' [Goodman] said. 'That is one thing that is not brought up; they are the only religious group ever to be kicked out of the United States. The next place over was Utah. It was part of Mexico at the time. By the time the handcart companies came, it was known as the Utah Territory.'

"Goodman shot the film on a tiny budget of $350,000. Having worked on the crew of other films shot in Utah, he got many crew members who had made those movies to work on his. His camera assistant, whom he called 'the best in Utah,' was Mike Lookinland, who played Bobby Brady on 'The Brady Bunch.' . . .

"Goodman got his filmmaking education at Brigham Young University, but he has been making movies since he was a child with an 8mm camera. . . .

"After college, he found work on films for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, mostly in lighting. He worked on the television show 'Touched by an Angel' and for movies that filmed in Utah, including 'Dumb and Dumber.' . . .


But enough of the the "Dumb and Dumber" fluff.

Now, for the real--and really repulsive--stuff.

Brigham Young’s Greedy and Horrific Handcart Disaster

In her book, "Wife No. 19," former spouse of Brigham Young, Ann Eliza Webb, exposed the tragic, inept, corrupt and selfish nature of Brigham Young’s handcart scheme.

As to the person of Wife No. 19 Webb, the following biographical notes explain that:

"In 1868 Brigham Young, at age sixty-seven, married Ann Eliza Webb, an attractive twenty-four year old divorcee with two children. Young had already married dozens of other women. . . ."

Regarding Webb's tumultuous and short-lived relationship with Young, LDS scholar, Jeffery Johnson, writes:

". . . [I]n 1873, Ann Eliza Webb applied for a civil divorce [from Young]. The case came to trial in 1875, and the court ordered Brigham to pay $500 per month allowance and $3,000 court costs. When he refused, he was fined $25 and sentenced to a day in prison for contempt of court (Arrington 1985, 373). There is no record of application for a Church divorce, but she was excommunicated 10 October 1874 and devoted much of the rest of her life to publishing her somewhat sensational memoirs and giving anti-Mormon lectures."


(Of course, one would expect many, if not most, faithful LDS scholars to minimize criticism of Mormon leaders by labeling it as "sensational." Indeed, that's been par for the course for Mormon apologists ever since this fanciful frontier faith popped out of Joseph Smith's rock-laden hat).

In Chapter 11 of her book entitled, "'DIVINE EMIGRATION'--THE PROPHET AND THE HANDCART SCHEME," Webb writes in graphic detail about Brigham Young's prolonged and deliberate abuse of Mormonism's pushed-and-pulled pioneers.

Unparalleled Mismanagement Under the Guise of a "Divine Plan"

"In the history of any people there has never been recorded a case of such gross mismanagement as that of gathering the foreign Saints to Zion in the year 1856.

"Until this disastrous year the emigrants had always made the journey across the plains with ox-teams . . . The able bodied walked, and those who were too young, too old, or too feeble to perform the journey on foot, went in the wagons with the baggage. . . . Tedious and wearisome, to be sure, but in no way perilous, as plenty of provisions, bedding, and clothing could be carried, not only for the journey, but sufficient to last some time after the arrival.

"The cost of emigration in this way was from £10 to £12, English money, or nominally $50 to $60 in gold--not very expensive, surely, for a journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake City; but to Brigham, in one of his fits of economy, it seemed altogether too costly, and he set to work to devise some means for retrenchment. During the entire winter of 1855-56, he and his chief supporters were in almost constant consultation on the subject of reducing the expenses of emigration, and they finally hit upon the expedient of having them cross the plains with hand-carts, wheeling their own provisions and baggage, and so saving the expense of teams. The more Brigham thought of his plan, the more in love he grew with it, and he sent detailed instructions concerning it to the Apostle Franklin D. Richards, the Mormon agent at Liverpool, who published it in the Millennial Star, as the new 'divine plan' revealed to Brother Brigham by the Lord, whose will it was that the journey should be made in this manner."

Duping and Grouping the Faithful

"My father was in England when the ‘command of the Lord concerning them’ was given to the gathering Saints, and their enthusiastic devotion and instant acceptance of the revelation showed how entirely they entrusted themselves to the leadership of their superiors in the Church, implicitly believing them to be inspired of God. They were told by Richards, in the magazine, and by their missionaries in their addresses, that they should meet many difficulties--that trials would be strewn along their path, and occasional dangers meet them--but that the Lord's chosen people were to be a tried people, and that they should come out unscathed, and enter Zion with great triumph and rejoicing, coming out from the world as by great tribulation; that the Lord would hold them in special charge, and they need not fear terror by night nor pestilence that walketh at noonday, for they should not so much as hurt a foot against a stone.

"It was represented to them that they were specially privileged and honored in thus being called by the Lord to be the means of showing His power and revealing glory to a world lying in darkness and overwhelmed with guilt, deserted by God and given over to destruction. Considering the class of people from whom most of the converts were made, it is not at all strange that all this talk should impress their imaginations and arouse their enthusiasm. Emotion, instead of reason, guided them almost entirely, and they grew almost ecstatic over the new way in which they were called to Zion."

Brigham Young Needed Warm Bodies for His Cold-Hearted Theocratic Blueprint

"The United States government was beginning to trouble itself a little about Utah; and in order to make the Church as strong as possible, in case of an invasion, Brigham was anxious to increase the number of emigrants, and requested Apostle Richards to send as many as he possibly could. To do this, the elders counseled all the emigrants, who had more money than they needed, to deposit it with the Apostle Richards for the purpose of assisting the poor to Zion. The call was instantly and gladly obeyed, and the number of Saints bound Zion-ward was thereby nearly doubled. In the face of the disaster which attended it, it has been the boast of some of the missionaries and elders that this was the largest number that ever was sent over at one time. So much greater, then, is the weight of responsibility which rests upon the souls of those who originated and carried out this selfish design, made more selfish, more cruel, and more terribly culpable for the hypocrisy and deceit which attended it from its conception to its disastrous close. . . .

"On the 14th of March, 1856, my father, who was at Sheffield, England, engaged in missionary work, received a telegram from Richards, telling him to come at once to Liverpool for the purpose of taking passage for America in the mail-packet 'Canada' . . . He had no time to say good-bye to his friends, but made his preparations hurriedly, and left Sheffield as soon as possible. On arriving at Liverpool and consulting with Richards, he learned that he had been sent for to assist in the proposed hand-cart expedition, and that his part of the work was to he performed in the United States. He, being a practical wagon-maker, was to oversee the building of the carts. . . ."

Callous Unconcern for the Loyal Little People

"He expected, of course, to go to work at once, and was very impatient to do so, as it was very nearly the season when the emigrants should start to cross the plains, and the first vessel filled with them was already due in New York. He knew that it would be a waste both of time and money to keep them in Iowa City any longer than as absolutely necessary; besides which, after a certain date, every day would increase the perils of crossing the plains. But when he arrived, Daniel Spencer, the principal agent, was east on a visit, and did not make his appearance until an entire month had expired; and there was all that valuable time wasted in order that one man might indulge in a little pleasure. What were a thousand or more human lives in comparison to his enjoyment? Less than nothing, it would seem, in his estimation.

"Not only were there no materials provided to work with, but no provision had been made for sheltering the poor Saints, who had already commenced to arrive by ship-loads. Their condition was pitiable in the extreme; they had met nothing but privation from the time they left England. The trials that had been promised them they had already encountered, but so great was their faith, that they bore it all without a word of complaint, and some even rejoicing that it was their lot to suffer for the cause of their religion; they were sure they should all be brought to Zion in safety, for had not God promised that through the mouth of His holy Prophet? Their faith was sublime in its exaltation; and in contrast to it, the cold-blooded, scheming, blasphemous policy of Young and his followers shows out false, and blacker than ever. To have deceived a credulous people by wanton misrepresentation is wicked enough, but to do it 'in the name of the Lord' is a sin that can never be atoned for to God or man. It is the height of blasphemy, and I fairly shudder as I endeavor to comprehend, in some slight degree, the magnitude of such an offence.

"They had been crowded and huddled together on shipboard more like animals than like human beings; their food had been insufficient and of bad quality; the sleeping accommodations were limited, and there was not the proper amount of bedding for those who were compelled to sleep in the more exposed places. Some of the persons who saw the emigrants, say that it was like nothing so much as an African slave-ship, filled with its unlawful and ill-gotten freight. The air in the steerage, where most of the emigrants were, was noxious, and yet these people were compelled to breathe it through all the days of the voyage. Many were too ill to leave their beds, and a change of clothing was out of the question. The entire floor was covered with mattresses, and it was impossible to walk about without stepping over some one. Men, women, and children were huddled in together in the most shameless fashion.

"Affairs were not much bettered when they arrived at New York; the Apostle John Taylor, whose duty it was to provide for them there, was too deeply engaged in a quarrel with Apostle Franklin D. Richards, as to which of the two who were thrown on his protection, penniless and helpless, was higher in authority, to attend to these poor creatures, in a strange country. But everyone must understand that his personal dignity must be attended to and his position maintained, if all the poor Saints that were emigrated, or dreamed of emigrating, should die of starvation and exposure. I think the great body of Saints must have learned before this time that it is by no means safe to trust to the tender mercies of a Mormon Apostle. When, after a while, the Apostle Taylor's imperative personal business allowed him a moment in which to think of the unhappy emigrants, he started them for Iowa City, where they arrived only to experience a repetition of their New York sufferings, and see another illustration of apostolic neglect. Nothing had been prepared for them either in the way of shanties or tents, and they were compelled to camp in the open air, their only roof a sky that was not always blue. While in camp, there were several very severe rain-storms, from which, as they had no shelter, there was no escape; they got completely drenched, and this caused a great deal of severe illness among them. They were unprotected alike from burning sun and pitiless, chilling rain, and it is no wonder that fevers and dysentery prevailed, and that hundreds of longing eyes closed in death before they beheld the Zion of their hopes.

"It would have been strange if the faith of some had not wavered then; yet none dared complain. There was nothing to do but to go on to the end. They were thousands of miles from home, with no means of returning, and they were taught, too, that it would be a curse upon them to turn their backs on Zion. So there they remained through the long summer days, waiting helplessly until they should be ordered to move onward."

Gross Criminal Negligence: Turning Out Handcarts on the Cheap

"At length my father saw his way clear to commence his work, and he went to work with a will, pressing everyone who could be of actual assistance into his service. But here the trouble commenced again. He was instructed to make the wagons on as economical a plan as possible, and every step that he took he found himself hedged about by impossibilities. The agents all talked economy, and when one did not raise an objection to a proposal, another did, and difficulties were placed in his way constantly.

"They did not wish to furnish iron for the tires, as it was too expensive; raw hide, they were sure, would do just as well. My father argued this point with them until at last the agents decided to give up raw hides, and they furnished him with hoop iron. He was annoyed and angry, all the while he was making the carts, at the extreme parsimony displayed. A thorough workman himself, he wanted good materials to work with; but every time he asked for anything, no matter how absolutely necessary it was to make the work sufficiently durable to stand the strain of so long a journey. the reply invariably was, '0, Brother Webb, the carts must be made cheap. We can't afford this expenditure; you are too extravagant in your outlay;' forgetting, in their zeal to follow their Prophet's instructions, what the consequences would be to the poor Saints, if delayed on their way to the Valley, by having to stop to repair their carts."

Handcart Companies Forced Into an Ill-Timed Launch with Short Supplies

"As soon as was possible they started companies on the way. My father strongly objected to any of them starting after the last of June; but he was overruled, and the last company left Iowa City the middle of August, for a journey across arid plains and over snow-clad mountains, which it took twelve weeks of the quickest traveling at that time to accomplish; and in the manner in which these emigrants were going it would take much longer. He also opposed their being started with such a scanty allowance of provisions. He insisted they should have at least double the amount; but in this attempt, also, he was unsuccessful, and one of the survivors of the expedition afterwards said that the rations which were given out to each person for a day could easily be eaten at breakfast. They consisted of ten ounces of flour for each adult, and half that amount for each child under eight years of age. At rare intervals, a little rice, coffee, sugar, and bacon were doled out to the hungry travelers, but this was not often done. Many of the people begged of the farmers in Iowa, so famished were they, and so inadequate was their food which was supplied them by the agents. They were limited, too, in the matter of baggage, and again my father tried to use his influence, but all to no purpose; so much might go, but not a pound more.

"Almost discouraged, and altogether disgusted with the meanness and heartless carelessness which were exhibited throughout the whole affair, as far, at least, as he had experience with it, he yet made one more attempt to aid the unfortunate travelers, whose trials, great as they had been, had really not fairly begun. His last proposition was, that more teams should be provided, so that the feeble, who were not likely to endure the fatigues of the long march, should have an opportunity of riding; but he was met again with the inevitable reply, 'Can't do it, Brother Webb. We tell you we can't afford it; they must go cheap.' It was dear enough in the end, if human lives count for anything.

"My father never speaks of those days of preparation in Iowa City that he does not grow indignant. It might have been averted had not Brigham Young been so parsimonious, and his followers so eager to curry favor with him, by carrying out his instructions more implicitly than there was any need of doing. They were only quarreled and found fault with, and reprimanded publicly in the Tabernacle for their faithfulness to him, when it became necessary to shield himself from odium in the matter. Nothing more would have happened if they had obeyed the instincts of humanity, and deferred a little to their consciences, and they certainly would have been better off, as they would at least have retained their own self-respect, and the regard of their unfortunate charges, which, it is needless to say, they lost most completely.

"When some of the last companies reached Council Bluffs-- better known to most Mormons as 'Winter-Quarters'--there was considerable controversy whether it was best to try and go any farther before spring. Most of the emigrants knew nothing of the climate and the perils of the undertaking, and were eager to press on to Zion. Four men only in the company had crossed the plains; those were captains of the trains--Willie, Atwood, Savage, and Woodward; but there were several elders at this place superintending emigration. Of these, Levi Savage was the only one to remonstrate against attempting to reach Salt Lake Valley so late in the season. He declared that it would be utterly--impossible to cross the mountains without great suffering, and even death.

"His remonstrances availed about as much my father's had done in regard to their starting. He was defeated and reprimanded very sharply for his want of faith. He replied that there were cases where 'common sense' was the best guide. and he considered this to be one. 'However,' said he, 'seeing you are to go forward, I will go with you, will help you all I can, will work with you, suffer with you, and, if necessary, die with you.'

"Very soon after the departure of the last company of the emigrants from Iowa City, my father, with the other elders, started for the Valley in mule teams, intending to return, if they found it necessary, to bring succor to the poor wandering people. In the company with my father were Apostle Franklin D. Richards, and Elders W. H. Kimball, G. D. Grant, Joseph A. Young, Brigham's oldest son, and several others, all of whom were returning to Utah from foreign missions, and all of whom had been engaged in the expedition.

"They overtook the emigrants at their camp on the North Fork of the Platte River, and camped with them over night. Richards was told of the opposition which Savage had made, and he openly rebuked him in the morning. He then informed the Saints that 'though it might storm on the right hand and on the left, yet the storms should not reach them. The Lord would keep the way open before them, and they should reach Zion in safety.' It may be that he believed all this nonsense himself. It is to be hoped, for charity's sake, that he did. If that were the case, however, it is a pity that he had not been endowed with a little of Levi Savage's common sense. It would have been much better for the Saints than all his vaunted 'spirit of prophecy.'

"It is a significant fact, that in the very face of his prophecy, delivered to the victims of his zeal in the cause of Brigham Young, he was anxious to hasten his arrival in Salt Lake in order to send assistance back to the patient handcart emigrants, who, he must have seen, would soon be in sore straits for food and clothing. The rations were scanty, and would soon have to be lessened; the nights were chilly, and fast growing cold; and already the seventeen pounds of bedding and clothing allowed to each one were scarcely sufficient protection; and as the season advanced, and they approached the mountains, it would be totally inadequate. It was fortunate that they did not know the climate of the country, and the terrible hardships to which they were to be exposed, else their hearts would have failed them, and they would have had no courage to have recommenced the journey. My father realized it, and so did most of the party with him; yet they had no idea how horrible it was to be, else they would have insisted upon their remaining in camp until spring. Even the usually indifferent heart of Joseph A. was touched, and he hurried on to impress upon his father the urgent need for immediate assistance for those poor, forlorn creatures whom he left preparing to cross the mountains, where they would of a surety meet the late autumn and early winter storms, and where so many of them must of a certainty perish of exposure and hunger. He had no faith in the apostolic prophecy, which seemed a mockery to all those who knew the hardships of the journey which lay before these faithful souls before they could reach the Zion of their hopes.

"My father had been four years absent from us, yet such was his concern for the poor people whom he so recently left, and who had been his care for so long, that he could only stay to give us the most hurried greetings. His gladness at his return, and our responsive joy, were marred by the thought of the sufferings and privations of those earnest, simple-hearted Saints, who had literally left all to follow the beck of one whom they supposed to be the Prophet of the Lord. After all these years of absence, he only staid two days with us--as short a time as it could possibly take to get the relief-train ready with the supplies."

Blood on His Hands for His Handcart Crimes: Brigham Young’s Ultimate Guilty Conscience

"I think Brigham Young's heart and conscience must have been touched, for he really seemed for a while to forget himself in the earnestness with which he pushed forward the preparations for relief. He fairly arose to the occasion, and held back nothing which could contribute to the comfort and welfare of his poor, forlorn followers. Yet he was only acting as both justice and decency commanded that he should act. He was the cause of all this terrible suffering, and he felt that he should be made answerable. Such a transaction as this could by no means remain unknown. It would be spread over America and Europe, and used as a strong weapon against Mormonism and its leader, already unpopular enough. He realized the mistake he had made when too late to rectify it, and, with his usual moral cowardice, he set about hunting for somebody on whose shoulders to shift the blame from his own. Richards and Spencer were the unfortunate victims, and he turned his wrath against them, in private conversation and in public assemblies, until they were nearly crushed by the weight of opprobrium which he heaped upon them. He was nearly beside himself with fear of the consequences which would follow, when this crowning act of selfish cupidity and egotistical vanity and presumption should be known. Love of approbation is a striking characteristic of this Latter-Day Prophet, and he puffs and swells with self-importance at every word he receives, even of the baldest, most insincere flattery, and he cringes and crouches in as servile a manner as a whipped cur, when any adverse criticism is passed upon either his personnel or his actions. A moral as well as a physical coward, he dares not face a just opinion of himself and his deeds, and he sneaks, and skulks, and hides behind any one he can find who is broad enough to shield him.

"My father's disgust at a religion which submitted to such chicanery, and his distrust of Brigham Young, were so great, that he was very near apostatizing; but my mother again held him to the church. She argued and explained; she wept and she entreated, until he said no more about it. But though, for her sake, he took no steps towards leaving the Church and renouncing the faith, he felt daily his disgust and distrust increasing, and he never again believed so strongly in the Mormon religion, and ever after regarded Brigham with much less awe and respect than formerly."


When All Is Said and Done: "How the West Was Spun" in the Wake of Brigham Young's Forced Handcart March

Wyoming writer Annie Proulx, in a recent article for the London Guardian entitled, "How the West Was Spun," examines the creation and maintenance of certain "heroic myths of the American frontier."

Proulx notes that Americans (and this certainly holds true for fanciful-minded Mormons) hold on to and promote cherished myths, often at great detriment to the truth:

"The heroic myth of the American West is much more powerful than its historical past. To this day, the great false beliefs . . . prevail: that [these] were . . . brave, generous, unselfish men; that the West was 'won' by noble White American pioneers . . . and that everything in the natural world from the west bank of the Missouri to the Pacific Ocean was there to be used by human beings to further their wealth.

"These absurd but solidly-rooted fantasies cannot be pulled up. People believe in and identify themselves with these myths and will scratch and kick to maintain their Western self-image. The rest of the country and the world believes in the heroic myth because the tourism bureau will never let anyone forget it."

One of those stubbornly-entrenched myths that Proulx mentions is the "Mormon Handcart Journey," which is annually and magnificently mimicked by enthusiastic LDS stand-ins:

"Much of the West's past is literally acted out each year by enthusiasts called 're-enactors,' who don appropriate costumes and take on pageant-like roles in such events of yesteryear as a . . . Mormon Handcart Journey. For a few days it is real enough. . . ."


But how real is it?

William Grigg, in his article, "Mass Murder in the Desert," cites renegade Mormon historian Will Bagley's searing description of Brigham Young's Mormon handcart debacle as what it really was--a fevered flight of religious fanaticism, undertaken on the backs of thousands of devout, brainwashed Mormons who became Young's unwitting and unfortunate victims:

" . . . [F]or nearly the entire first century of the [Mormon] religion's existence--beginning with the Missouri-era threats to redeem 'Zion' by bloodshed-- faithful Mormons were marinated in hatred toward 'Gentiles' and taught the redemptive power of sanctified violence.

"In the early 1850s, the sense of besetting persecution by unbelievers so central to the Mormons' communal identity became outright paranoia after Mormon leaders unveiled the previously disavowed practice of polygamy. The nascent Republican Party identified polygamy and slavery as 'twin relics of barbarism' and declared war on both. . . .

"Like despots both ancient and modern, Brigham Young eagerly seized on this external threat to consolidate his power. He also ramped up Mormon recruitment efforts in Great Britain and Scandinavia (where Mormon missionaries carefully concealed the doctrine of polygamy) as a way of building up his kingdom. To cut down on the time and expense involved in bringing new Mormons to 'Zion,' Young ordered the construction of handcarts--rickshaw-like vehicles used to carry the pilgrims and their possessions across the plains.

"The handcart initiative led to disaster in late 1856 as two companies of Mormon immigrants (known as the Martin and Willie companies), promised by Mormon leaders that God would hold back the winter snows, were caught in an abnormally early and severe blizzard. More than 200 men, women, and children died, making the Martin/Willie debacle 'the worst disaster in the history of America's overland trails,' recalls Bagley.

"Despite the fact that the handcart disaster was a direct outgrowth of Young's 'inspired' immigration scheme, 'Mormon leaders refused to shoulder any blame for the catastrophe,' Bagley continues. Jedediah Grant, high-ranking first counselor in the Mormon Church presidency, 'laid the blame on the victims. . . . [He] blamed the death and suffering of the handcart Saints on "the same disobedience and sinfulness that had induced spiritual sleepiness among the people already in Zion."'"


So it was with Brigham Young's ruthless "Handcarts to Hell" undertaking--and so it remains (all gussied up and sanitized, of course) in the historically-disfigured annals of Mormon folklore.



And The Reason The Perpetual Emigrating Fund . . . Was Depleted . . .


Apr 16 03:18


SL Cabbie

In 1852 the church finally openly acknowledged the practice of polygamy, an obvious political move that was clearly intended to blunt the impact of Captain John Gunnison's book, "The Mormons or Latter Day Saints," which disclosed that the Saints were openly practicing plural marriage in Utah . . .

Before Gunnison's disclosures, LDS missionaries routinely denied it was occuring . . .

The announcement had the effect of causing a sharp drop in the number of converts in the British Isles particularly . . .

Fanny Stenhouse in her book, "Tell It All: The Story of a Life's Experience in Mormonism" details that emigrants sent their money ahead to Salt Lake--and not all of them were impoverished--a disclosure that should have every "follow-the-money-sleuth" shaking their heads . . .

And finally, Will Bagley in "Blood of the Prophets" notes that despite the efforts of Jacob Forney who was appointed guardian of the the surviving children from the Mountain Meadows Massacre, "In the end the government never recovered a single item looted from the Fancher party." (p. 236)

Ann Eliza Young makes note of the richness and size of the Fancher/Baker wagon train, and it may well have been the single largest wagon train to undertake emigration on the Overland Trail . . .

I need a drink . . .

Okay, just kidding, but you catch my drift . . .


Busting the handcart MYTH


Apr 09 22:06


Polygamy Porter

With Spring upon us, I am sure the mormons are getting all giddy about planning the summer handcart trek for the teens of the cult.

NExt time you hear one of these fools spouting off about how great these brainwashing marches are, please point out the following points concerning the over exaggerated MYTH of the handcart fools:

1. A VERY SMALL percentage of the "ZION" bound mormon converts used handcarts.

2. An EVEN SMALLER percentage had problems, even the mormon historians agree on that. Those who had problems where the dumbest of the mindless followers. Natural selection?

3. The reason these few thousand folks did this is because they were TOLD that the "prophet" commanded them to do so and those who have very little money, the mormon church SOLD them a handcart and told them to point it westward.

4. Those who blindly obeyed the order to "gather in zion" and especially those who lashed themselves to a handcart were just like the wackos in the current FLDS religion. How then, are the FLDS members someone for the LDS youth to look up to?

So please for the love of all that is true and honest, will someone please tell the morons to put a sock in it about the stupid ass fools who lashed themselves to a hand cart like some mindless JACKASS!!!

There were many many thousands more NON mormons who made the trek west simply due to their frontier spirit, not because they were part of some stupid ass cult. Why not talk about the hardships these REAL frontier minded people went through instead of a bunch of wackos who drank the koolaid?



You said it.


Apr 09 22:21



Polygamy Porter wrote:
> There were many many thousands more NON mormons who made the trek west simply due to their frontier spirit, not because they were part of some stupid ass cult.

You just touched on something that used to bug me, even as a teenaged seminary student. As mormons we were basically expected to stand in awe of the mormon pioneers who 'sacrificed so much for their beliefs.' Witness the annual July 24th celebration. You'd think the mormons invented the whole covered wagon thing. Never mind that people were emigrating to Oregon and other points west BEFORE the sheep were herded into the desert by BY.

Well. MY (non-mormon)'49er ancestors didn't stop at Utah. They continued over the Nevada desert and THEN had to climb over Donner Pass, which makes South Pass in Wyoming look like a stroll through the daisies (yes, I've seen it). Of course, they were just after gold, not an eternal harem. At least they were smart enough to save enough money for a wagon before setting out.



And lets not forget the Donner Party


Apr 09 22:27


Polygamy Porter

who had each other over FOR dinner.

They were non mormon. But the mormons out here in California try and attach themselves to that miserable story by saying that they help with the search and attempted rescue.

Like them being MORMON was the reason for helping...



Re: And lets not forget the Donner Party


Apr 09 22:37



Polygamy Porter wrote:

> Like them being MORMON was the reason for helping...

LOL. It must've been a dog-eat-dog world before the mormons came along ;-p

I wonder if California mormons are as proud of their connection with that OTHER famous wagon train, the Fancher Party (on its way to settle land around Visalia).




Re: And lets not forget the Donner Party


Apr 10 02:55


no jesus jammies

Some of the existing members of the Donner party were rescued by a man named Sam Brannan who no longer associated himself with the mormon church. He had a falling out with Brigham Young. I bet this info would steam the little minds who claim mormons rescued the Donner party. Then again, it may be too much to swallow. He-He!!




Brigham Young actually followed the Donner Trail into Utah


Apr 16 02:20



It was the Donner Party who cleared the trail to the Salt Lake Valley the year before the Mormons came to Utah. All Brigham Young did was follow the Donner Trail. Why? Nobody else wanted to go that way. Remember BY wanted isolation to grow his cult. He avoided California and Oregon for a reason.



Re: Busting the handcart MYTH


Apr 09 22:50



Like the Donner party, those who had to be rescued ignored advice to wait until the following spring to go to Utah. That's a case where blind obedience led to some serious trouble.



Donner Party and Mormons


Apr 10 09:16



1. Sam Brannan had nothing to do with the rescue of the Donner Party. He may, possibly, have dropped some money in the hat at a meeting to raise funds for the rescue, but that's it. The Mormons in San Fran were dirt poor.

2. The Donner Party was not advised to wait until spring, rather, they were given conflicting information about which route to take.

3. Rescuers John and Daniel Rhoades were or had been Mormons, but although TSCC likes to boast of them, neither stayed in church. Some of Dan's descendants indignantly asserted, "He wasn't a Mormon, he was a Methodist!"

4. The Murphy family of the Donner Party was/had been LDS. The parents were baptized by Wilford Woodruff and Abraham O. Smoot in 1836, the husband died in 1839, and the widow took her family to Nauvoo in 1840/41. They went home to Tennessee the following year. Reportedly the reason they wanted to go to California in 1846 was that they wanted to rejoin the "Saints" and that's where the church was rumored to be moving.

5. Sam Brannan went east in the early spring of 1847 to meet the Pioneer Company and met up with them in Wyoming. He brought the news of the Donner disaster.

Woodruff wrote, "Mrs. L. Murphy of Tennessee, whom I baptized while on a mission in that country, but since apostatized and joined the mob, was in that company and died, or was killed, and eaten. Her bones were sawed open to pieces for her brains and marrow, and then left strewn upon the ground." (Can't you just hear him gloating? Horrible man.)



This little annual escapade always bugs me.


Apr 09 22:54


Devil 505

They tell these kids, big made up stories, of self sacrifice and works of faith and the virtues found in doing for others along the trail. What a bunch of horse hockey.
My favorite is the one they always tell of three young men who sacrificed themselves by carrying the women and children across the icy cold streams in the dead of winter, and then they succumbed to hypothermia and died as a result. What a bunch of bull. Great Great granddad was one of the 'young men' who supposedly did this. Well, sorry to burst the bubble, but he and all of the rest of the boy's lived to be old men, and had no ill effects. But the story still lives.



I know of one kid who didn't buy


Apr 09 22:58



the whole handcart re-enactment thing. My friends' kid went a few years ago and had a blast. He said the best part was when one of the supervisors was showing them how to deal with rattlesnakes and was promptly bitten.

Sounds like a really knowledgeable guy.

My friends' son is now 19, in college and, definitely not going on a mission. Smart kid.



Stupid treks


Apr 10 00:48


Boise Boy

My parents, brother, MIL, FIL, SIL, and BIL are all going on a trek this summer.... it's sooo lame! And as if the trek wasn't lame enough they are making wooden spoons to eat with while on the trek. When I mention the fact that I highly doubt the pioneers ate with wooden spoons they just say "that's not the point"... um, what exactly IS the point then?!



Ask them if they think the Jewish kids go to Summer CONCENTRATION camp.


Apr 10 01:02


Polygamy Porter

All due respect to the Jews who suffered and died in the pit of Nazi Germany.



Ahh, yes!! The martyr complex is alive and well, in Mormondumb!! n/t



It's the "Dude Ranch" version of the handcart nightmare.


Apr 10 02:02


Willy B. Chilly

For a few hours each day, these silly city slickers pretend to be following in the footsteps of their "pioneer" ancestors. Of course, there are a few differences. The real handcart sufferers had crappy shoes, did not have physicians hanging around with modern medicine, ran out of food, got frostbite and died. Usually, the advent-u-rama crowd of city slickers who pretend to be handcart pioneers have it a bit easier.



It wasn't only the poor who got suckered into Briggy's ultra-cheap transportation scheme.


Apr 10 01:37


Willy B. Chilly

IIRC, there were some wealthy people as well, who were told beatiful lies (i.e., nothing about polygamy, lots about a prophet of great gifts, etc), and were persuaded to put all their wealth in the hands of the Church. Briggy got his mitts on their wealth and the Church gave them a crappy, poorly built handcarts as their primary conveyance to "Zion".

Timing was everything for those long handcart trips across the continent. Leave too late in the summer and you start freezing to death by the time you reach western Nebraska and the higher altitudes of Wyoming. But the Apostle Richards cheered them on. Hey, ya gotta have faith, right? That's what it's all about.

After cheering them on, Richards of course made certain that his own plump ass would be conveyed in safer and more comfortable alternative means of transportation.

Why did no top Mormon leaders join the handcart companies. They had other priorities - namely raking in as much money and wealth as they could into church treasuries for looting and use by church leaders. Less costly transportation for the new crop of suckers meant more church money that could be used by the church leaders.

You can be sure that if Briggy or any of the other leaders who held big priesthood positions were put into a spot where they too would have been expected to join in one of those handcart expeditions, they would almost instantly have gotten a "revelation" telling them that Gawd didn't really like the handcart idea so much after all.



My ancestors also were non Mormons who came west


Apr 10 04:18



and I always wondered why my ancestors were less then the Great and wonderful Mormons.
I never did like celebrating the 24th of July.
My people did not go to Salt Lake, they came to Oregon and Washington and California and religion had nothing to do with it, they all made it without dying, one uncle was born in a tent in the middle of a bad snow storm in Colorado and lived to be in his 90's as all the rest did.
Utah Mormons are the Most arrogant bunch of people I have ever known. They think that no one has ever suffered so much as they have. I always wondered why if they were God's true church,then why did God let them die on the way to Utah, especially when they came all the way from England to get there.. Makes no sense, as most of it makes no sense.



Their martyr complex makes them feel "spay-shul' (special) n/t



Re: Busting the handcart MYTH


Apr 10 07:42



This took place in Everett WA about 10yrs ago.
An local re-enactment for the local wards.

I, Me.

Being a Native American, was curious about such drama and so I went along too, besides, I was part of some Youth groups and all in being leadership & such.

I mean, Pioneers, Handcarts, that's pretty much YOU'RE history (to all whitefolk!!) not mine.

My history is / was much different and in many respects I say to theHandCart people that suffered, froze, died-Welcome to theClub!!

"theClub" being to me, one of eradication and subjugation, hardship & suffering, but I digress.

It was a nice spring day, light precipitation and clouds but no forecast for showers.

I put on some grungy clothes, had even hand stitched an "Pa Ingalls / Mr Edwards!!" type of black hat from cardboard and clothe for me.

Looking back on it all, we really just did an 5 mile circuit or less, like an figure 8 and then called it good back at theStarting point,

Everyone in each Ward or group was "familied" up on paper.
I forget whom I was, an BIL or something to Pa,

and I had never seen Ma at all either in my life till that day, even though she was in theWard at that time. she was probably one of those Sisters that made $30K a yr from tithing etc.

Those groups that didn't have a handcart just walked, and as I type this now.

I think that eventually my group / family's handcart wheel housing / hub seized up and theCart would not move, no matter how much fixing, attendant Priesthood blessings and such were given!!

So another nearby handcart was....acquired and a few "family" members joined them and the rest of us Family walked on..... Did I say that my Family was big?

About 10 NOT counting Ma & Pa and then it was 6 or 7 after we split up.

Along theTrek, someone would pull a Car from a deck.
Those cards were scenario cards, of things that happened on actual historic treks.

"We all went for 4 days without food or fire and lost little Joseph to pneumonia last night, buried him on theHill" etc.

Yippee, so off Joseph ran away with other ward friends and we never saw him again.... what thehell!?

That left us with one less person to carry our stuff.

"Pa got sick for awhile and then recovered", the cards read.

I dunno my friends,
if history really did happen 100's of years ago and was reenacted in succinct fashion as it did back 10yrs ago

History should record theFact that a local StakePres or an Assistant or other!? actually pulled his own scaled down handcart loaded with stuff theWhole trek!!

Our group would pass other Handcart companies and such in various (scenario card guided) situations,
Infestations, disease, break-downs etc.

And other companies would pass Us by.

And what was funny to me, a Lamanite brother, was seeing thePrim & Pretty sisters of various local Wards actually working!! for a change.

Yet when I think back on things. None and I mean NONE of theAsians in our wards were there at all, just their kids.
I think They were theSmart ones!!

Anyway, is was funny to see some youth getting off their fat butts and walking 5 or 6 miles, We walked theCircuit twice I think.

It was so funny to see theKids actually pushing and pulling, sweating and being annoyed with it all.
In fact I had never ever seen Calico, silk, wool and cotton stick to sweat soaked buttocks before.

Had never seen white faces turn deep shades of pink and red from exertion, and I'm just talking of theGirls!!

I thank God that my then-current MassageTherapy pursuits had... for the lack of a better word....

"Exposed" me to seeing undressed people, because along theTrail, which was very wooded and shaded, tree lined etc.

I was Mooned a few times as I innocently looked around at theScenery and did see a few Righteous sisters squatting.

*bites fist*

Later that day we all cooked, gathered to sing, ate and then slept under a blanket of overcast clouds and occasional stars.

At least it didn't rain on thePoor kids.

So, you Pioneer stock heard it here from me a Lakota native.

I walked a few miles in your shoes, wearing one of your dumb hats.

If I had to do it all over again.......
I'd have taken a Camera!!

Anchorage, AK




Don't forget the fact that they were sent to their deaths all under the "inspired" leadership of the morg.


Apr 10 09:25


Uncle Mo

In May 2006, a panel of researchers at the annual conference of the Mormon History Association blamed the tragedy on a failure of leadership. Lyndia Carter, a trails historian, said Franklin D. Richards "was responsible, in my mind, for the late departure" because "he started the snowball down the slope" that eventually "added up to disaster." Christy agreed that "leadership from the top, from the outset, was seriously short of the mark." Robert Briggs, an attorney, said "It's almost a foregone conclusion . . . there is evidence of negligence. With leaders all the way up to Brigham Young, there was mismanagement."[42]

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormon_handcart_pioneers



What bothers me about it is the TOTAL lack of commen-sense planning. . .


Apr 10 15:06



I mean, winter, spring, summer and fall always occur in the same order, right? If you start off on what you KNOW will be a long journey in the Fall, it does not take a rocket scientist to figure out that conditions will generally get worse before they get better.

So many of those people put complete faith in their leaders, and those leaders didn't have @#$%^&* for brains.



It's what happens when leaders surround themselves with "yes" men.


Apr 10 15:48


Uncle Mo

The folks pulling the carts were mostly European immigrants who did have a clue about western frontier travel and no one really expected otherwise. They were completely outfitted (including handcarts made of green wood that repeatedly broke down because of bad materials and design) and directed by the Utah-based morg leadership.

Many of the morg leadership were seasoned pioneers, veterans of multiple crossings, and knew the exact risks they were exposing them to with the late start. Their concerns of those who dared to speak fell on the deaf ears of the higher-ups who blindly followed BY's orders to make it happen.

The real lesson of the handcart companies is that blindly following church leaders can result in death.



I'm part Nez Pierce indian. My ancestors had no trouble traveling around in the west.


Apr 16 02:34



Louis and Clark would have never made it to the Pacific Ocean if it wasn't for the Nez Pierce. The Nez Pierce led by Chief Joseph traveled better in winter than the Mormon whimps with handcarts even with the US Calvarly chasing them. They made it over rugged mountain ranges and almost to Canada before the weather got the best of them and Chief Joseph surrendered.

If the Mormons think the US Govt. screwed them well read about how my people got SCREWED! Please. I get sick of the Mormon history circle jerk.




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