Date: November 07, 2018 07:20PM
Yes, but usually the constitution leaves electoral details up to the states. Gerrymandering is an example; until quite recently and even now in the vast majority of cases, the courts let the states decide how to manage things.
It appears that this general deference is the rule in most of the US. New Hampshire, for instance, requires citizenship for nine years. That would mean that the 9th Circuit, including CA, is the exception in effectively gutting the residency requirement judicially.http://sos.nh.gov/Qualifications.aspx