Date: October 01, 2023 10:22PM
Jesus was Jewish. Wine is an important part in Jewish life, there's even a specific blessing over wine (Baruch ata Adonai, Eloheinu Melech ha-olam, boreh p'ri hagafen. Blessed are You, God, Ruler of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine) Wine is necessary for ushering in the sabbath, and also plays a part in Passover, Sukkot, Purim, and many other holidays.
Excessive alcohol consumption is part of the story of purim, and those who observe it are encouraged to drink till they're so drunk, they can no longer discern the wicket (the holiday villan, haman) and the righteous (the hoiday hero, mordechai). It's like a drunken costume party with the best cookies in the world.
There are accounts in the NT of jesus observing/celebrating holidays including the ones above. We know he drank wine on passover, because the last supper took place at a passover seder.
As for the other celebrations, the NT talks about him participating in the celebrations and in both matt and luke, he is referred to a winebiber.
As for whether it was alcoholic in biblical times... wine literally means fermented grape juice. It would have had to have been fermented. The alcohol content probably depended on how long it was left to ferment. Allegedly, he drank a relatively quickly fermented wine, which resulted in a lower alcoholic content, but still alcoholic. If the wine was made for drunkenness before his time,it wasn't changed for his time. The bible obviously has no prohibition alcohol, drinking beer is even encouraged.
Finally, if the bible is to be believed as a true, historical work, then you need to look no further than Noah, the world's first viticulturist, vintner and semi-functional alcoholic.
If biblical wine got people drunk during the wine-related holidays, I think it's fair to say it was alcoholic, though maybe no stronger than a wine cooler for the quick fermented stuff.
It would have been impossible to keep grape juice for any extended period of time, it would ferment by default with no preservatives or refrigeration in a hot climate. There's a lot of archaeological evidence to confirm that the hebrews/ancient jews drank wine, and no evidence to support the idea that it was grape juice. Something that takes a lot of hard work only to go off and ferment a day later.
Evangelicals like to insist on the grape juice thing, but they have their own, non-scriptural reasons.